Brazilian Biomes

Brazilian Biomes

To talk about nature in a broader and more explanatory way, it is necessary to know some key concepts, ideal for understanding it in its entirety. One of these concepts is the so-called biome .

By biome, it is understood a set of ecosystems that live in balance and function in a stable way, coexisting harmoniously with each other, each biome has a main type of vegetation and animals that find in it the most adaptable form possible for life.

Knowing the biomes of Brazil – types and characteristics

In Brazilian biomes, biodiversity is great. In them, the most varied types of vegetation are found, as well as several distinct species of animals.

Next, we will get to know each of the various biomes that make up Brazil better:

Amazon Forest – Known as the largest tropical forest in the world, the Amazon forest is ideal to start this list. Covering the entire northern region, it owns incredible biodiversity. It has a closed forest, formed by leafy and large trees. Its climate is hot and humid.

According to, the Amazon rainforest is home to even several species that humans are still unaware of.

Campos – Biome present in some parts of the north and south of Rio Grande do Sul ( Pampas ). It is characterized by low vegetation, composed of grasses, shrubs and small plants.

Caatinga – The only biome exclusively Brazilian. It has a slightly different appearance from the others. It is present in the interior of the Northeast, where the climate is semi-arid. Dried plants and misshapen branches make up the appearance of the caatinga.

This biome also serves as home for some species of cacti, the famous plants with thorns, capable of storing and absorbing water to survive in regions that suffer from the drought phenomenon.

Cerrado – Biome found in four Brazilian states: Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Tocantins and Goiás. It has vegetation formed by grasses, shrubs and twisting trees.

Coastlines – Biomes can also be found in coastal regions. Brazil, being a country with an extensive coastline, has several of them, spread over its regions.

  • North Region: lowland forests and mangroves.
  • South Region: Rocky shores and mangroves.
  • Northeast Region: restingas, cliffs and mangroves.
  • Southeast Region: Atlantic Forest and mangrove vegetation.

Mata dos Pinhais / Mata de Araucárias – It is present in the southern region of Brazil. The vegetation of this biome forms a forest composed of pine trees. The characteristic climate is subtropical.

Atlantic Forest – Presents several different types of ecosystem. Before it started being brutally deforested, it was present in almost all parts of the Brazilian coast. Today it has only a small percentage remaining, the forest is formed by a closed forest of tall and medium plants.

Mata dos Cocais – It has a predominant presence in the states of Maranhão, Tocantins and Piauí. It presents characteristics of three biomes previously mentioned: the Amazon Forest, the Caatinga and the Cerrado.

Pantanal – Present in Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul. Its vegetation is home to palm trees, shrubs and grasses.

Some areas of the Pantanal flood when it rains. In these places, you can find trees characteristic of a tropical forest.

Brazilian Biomes